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Rajasthan government has decided to build temporary shelters for migratory birds near the Sambhar Lake (near Jaipur) before 2020’s winter season.

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    Environment
  • Published
    11th Oct, 2020

  • Sambhar Lake: India’s largest inland saline water body located near Jaipur in Rajasthan.
  • Geography: The lake is surrounded on all sides by the Aravali hills and is spread across Jaipur and Nagaur districts and also a part of Ajmer district in Rajasthan.
  • The lake receives water from five rivers Medtha, Samaod, Mantha, Rupangarh, Khari and Khandela.
  • The lake was designated as a Ramsar site and an Important Bird Area(IBA).
  • It is also famous for salt production.
  • Every year, a large number of birds from the cold northern regions of Central Asia come to Sambhar Lake.
  • In 2019, more than 20,000 migratory birds died due to avian botulism in the lake.
  • Avian Botulism: It is a neuro-muscular illness caused by Botulinum (natural toxin) that is produced by bacteria, Clostridium botulinum.
  • The bacteria is commonly found in the soil, rivers, and seawater.
  • It affects both humans and animals.
  • The bacteria also need anaerobic (absence of oxygen) conditions.